Armenia is a one of the world’s oldest civilizations with a rich cultural heritage. It is situated in the South Caucasus. The country is about the size of Belgium with three million inhabitants. Armenia is also famous for its picturesque mountain landscapes. The highest peak is the extinct volcano Aragat at 4, 090 m above sea level.
The name Armenia was first mentioned in an inscription of the Persian King Darius in 521 BCE. Armenia was the first country in the world to adopt Christianity as the state religion in 301 AD.
In the Ottoman Empire Armenians experienced multiple persecutions. In April 1915, up to 1.5 million Armenians were massacred. This attempted destruction of the Armenian people by the Ottoman Turkish Government is considered as the first genocide of the 20th century. This trauma is felt in the Armenian population until today.